Microelectronics is a subdivision of the field of electronics that deals with very small and microscopic elements to manufacture electronic components. Microelectronics has been rapidly evolving as the most in-demand field of electronics because of the ever-increasing demand for inexpensive and lightweight equipment. The main areas of focus generally are research, reliability and manufacture.
Microelectronics is a subfield of electronics. As the name suggests, microelectronics relates to the study and manufacture (or microfabrication) of very small electronic designs and components. Usually, but not always, this means micrometre-scale or smaller.
What is microelectronics used for?
Microelectronics is a field in electronics that utilizes tiny, or micro, components to manufacture electronics. As demand for small and less expensive devices grows, the field continues to expand. The main areas of focus generally are research, reliability and manufacture.
Definition from Techopedia
material such as silicon and graphite are the most commonly used elements in the manufacturing of microelectronic devices. These include transistors, capacitors
and diodes as well as insulators
. Equipment and expertise used in manufacturing of microelectronic devices is not widely available, causing microelectronic devices to generally be more expensive than devices that do not utilize microelectronics.
What is the difference between electronics and microelectronics?
Electronics is a general term for the field of science that involves managing electric currents through circuits. Microelectronics is one of the sub-categories of electronics. Microelectronics specifically relates to manufacture of very small electronic circuits.