# Density

A property of any substance is its density $\rho$(Greek letter rho), defined as the amount of mass contained in a unit volume, which we usually express as mass per unit volume: $$\rho = {m \over V}$$
Fig. No.1: Both of the material have similar volumes but lead is more denser than aluminum due to high number of proton and neutron in the nucleus.
For example, aluminum has a density of $2.70 g/cm^3$, and lead has a density of $11.3 g/cm^3$. Therefore, a piece of aluminum of volume $10.0 cm^3$ has a mass of $27.0 g$, whereas an equivalent volume of lead has a mass of $113 g$. The difference of densities between aluminum and lead is due to their difference of atomic masses. The unit for atomic mass is the atomic mass unit (u), where $1 u = 1.660 5402x10^{-27} kg$.