Microelectronics is a subdivision of the field of electronics that deals with very small and microscopic elements to manufacture electronic components. Microelectronics has been rapidly evolving as the most in-demand field of electronics because of the ever-increasing demand for inexpensive and lightweight equipment.The main areas of focus generally are research, reliability and manufacture.
Semiconductor material such as silicon and graphite are the most commonly used elements in the manufacturing of microelectronic devices. These include transistors, capacitors, inductors, resistors and diodes as well as insulators and conductors. Equipment and expertise used in manufacturing of microelectronic devices is not widely available, causing microelectronic devices to generally be more expensive than devices that do not utilize microelectronics.