Supercomputers are the most powerful computers made, and physically they are some of the largest computers in the world(see Fig. 1).
These systems can process huge amounts of data, and the fastest supercomputers can perform more than one trillion calculations per second. Some supercomputers can house thousands of processors.
Fig. 1: Supercomputers
The highly calculation-intensive tasks can be effectively performed by means of supercomputers. Quantum physics, mechanics, weather forecasting, molecular theory are best studied by means of supercomputers. Their ability of parallel processing and their well-designed memory hierarchy give the supercomputers, large transaction processing powers.
Supercomputers are ideal for handling large and highly complex problems that require extreme calculating power. For example, supercomputers have long been used in the mapping of the human genome, forecasting weather, and modeling complex processes like nuclear fission.

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