Telecommunication Engineering

Telecommunications Engineering is focused on the devices and mediums used to transmit communications information in the form of words, sounds or images over great distances. This discipline centered on electrical and computer engineering which seeks to support and enhance telecommunication systems. The work ranges from basic circuit design to strategic mass developments.
Telecommunication is a diverse field of engineering connected to electronic, civil and systems engineering. Ultimately, telecom engineers are responsible for providing high-speed data transmission services. They use a variety of equipment and transport media to design the telecom network infrastructure; the most common media used by wired telecommunications today are twisted pair, coaxial cables, and optical fibers. Telecommunications engineers also provide solutions revolving around wireless modes of communication and information transfer, such as wireless telephony services, radio and satellite communications, and internet and broadband technologies.

What do telecommunications engineers do?

Telecommunications engineers install, maintain and repair public and private telephone systems and maintain, test and repair telecommunications cables.
The main mediums a Telecommunications Engineers develops systems and solutions within are telegraph, telephone, radio, television, optical fiber, and the internet.
A telecommunication engineer is responsible for designing and overseeing the installation of telecommunications equipment and facilities, such as complex electronic switching systems, and other plain old telephone service facilities, optical fiber cabling, IP networks, and microwave transmission systems. Telecommunication engineering also overlaps with broadcast engineering.
Project planning, supervising and organizing and overseeing the installation of these devices are tasks that Telecommunications Engineers may perform as part of their daily duties. One of the most important skills that any good Telecommunications Engineer must have is in both digital and analog signal conditioning and processing. This is because all telecommunications are eventually (if not already) converted into electrical signals which can be modified, improved and enhanced.

What skills are needed for telecommunication?

Telecommunications fundamental skill set.
  • Computer networks: LAN, MAN, WAN.
  • TCP/IP protocols.
  • Network devices: routers, switches, gateways.
  • IT support.
  • Structured cabling standards: ETSI, TIA, EIA, ITU.
  • Interpersonal intelligence.
  • OSI model.
  • Cloud computing.

What is telecommunication engineering subjects?

You will study antenna theory, digital communication, information theory and coding, microwaves, Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and its architecture. In addition, you will be introduced to microcontroller applications, analog communication and microprocessors.

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